KEY IDEAS The Pilgrims faced many challenges in America. The Wampanoag helped the Pilgrims survive in their new home. The Wampanoag and Pilgrims celebrated the harvest with a feast of thanksgiving. The Pilgrims worked hard, and Plimoth Colony grew. LESSON PREVIEW Activator
Create a Colonial Government See Student Guide page 47. Divide the class into pairs or small groups and tell students to imagine that they have been asked to establish a new colony for England. They have already agreed to come up with a plan for government (see Mayflower Compact). Now they need to make the plan. Have them fill out the “Create a Colonial Government” page in the Student Guide. Then meet to discuss their plans as a class. Ask your students why a colony needs a government. What are some good ideas for governing a colony? How can your students improve their constitutions (plans for governing)? Point out that not only states, but also our entire country have constitutions today. What would happen if a state or country’s government did not have a constitution? Why does a town need a plan for governing, too? Why are laws and courts an important part of government? Ask students for examples of rules in their lives, e.g., at home, at school, and on sports teams. How are these rules helpful? What would it be like not to have them?
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© 2014 Gibbs Smith Education | The Massachusetts Story Student Guide47
Create a Colonial Government
You have reached the shores of North America and are starting a colony. You and the other colonists have agreed
to govern yourselves. Now you need to plan your government. Work with a partner or small group to answer the
questions below.
1. What will you name your colony? (This should be a historic-sounding name.)

2. How will leaders for your government be selected?

3. What meetings will leaders hold for governing the colony?

4. What problems could there be in the colony? What kinds of laws will leaders need to pass to
solve those problems?

5. Write 2 laws for your colony.

6. What freedoms and responsibilities will members of your colony have?

Introduce Key Terms
Please introduce the Key Terms using examples, artwork, charades, analogies, or whatever strategies best suit you and your class. After reading and discussing the lesson, students will complete a Key Terms Activity in the Student Guide to reinforce their understanding. challenge: a kind of test; something that stands in a person’s way and requires hard work cooperate: to work together for the good of all defend: to protect, to fight off an attacker interpreter: a person who changes words from one language into another language to help people understand each other population: the number of people living in a particular place slave: someone who is forced to work for someone else without pay Challenges in a New Land CHAPTER 3, LESSON 2
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