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CHAPTER 4
Massachusetts in the American
Revolution
Content Objectives
Students will learn about the Boston Tea Party and
protests that led to the American Revolution.
Students will practice identifying cause and effect in
history.
Students will learn about the Revolutionary War
song “Yankee Doodle” and write a new verse.
Students will study the Bill of Rights and understand
the meaning of each amendment.
Preparation
With the help of parents, provide food, drink, cups,
etc. for a class “tea” party.
Get a copy of Kathleen Krull’s book What Was the
Boston Tea Party?
(or Peter Cook’s You Wouldn’t
Want to Be at the Boston Tea Party!).
Copy the “Cause and Effect” page.
Copy the “Yankee Doodle” page.
Copy the Chapter Assessment.
ELL Teaching Tip
When students make grammatical
mistakes, overt correction will make
them anxious and likely to shut
down. Instead, casually model the
correct language in your response.
For example, if a student says,
“I go to the park yesterday,” try
responding, “You went to the park
yesterday? How fun!” (Do this
without stressing the word went,
of course. Remember, “Show, don’t
tell.”)
Lessons
Activator—What Was the Boston Tea Party?
Have a tea party with your class. Bring herb tea or
lemonade since some parents won’t want their children
to have caffeine. Ask parents to send cookies to go
with the tea. While students are drinking their tea,
explain that the American colonists in Massachusetts,
especially Boston, were angry about new taxes and
laws the British government had passed. One reason
they were so upset was because they had no voice in the
government. Review the meaning of the word protest
(see Word Cards) and give examples of colonial protests
such as boycotts and letters of complaint. Then read
your students all or part of Kathleen Krull’s book What
Was the Boston Tea Party?
(An alternative book is Peter
Cook’s You Wouldn’t Want to Be at the Boston Tea
Party!) Discuss with your class whether the tea party
was an act of protest, as the colonists said, or an act of
vandalism, as the British said. Use this question to talk
about point of view. Let your students know that the
king and Parliament were so angry about the Boston Tea
Party that they shut down Boston’s colonial government
and closed Boston Harbor. Closing the harbor made
it difficult for the people in the area to make a living,
so this was a serious punishment. Were colonists right
to have the Boston Tea Party? How did this and other
protests lead to the American Revolution? Why didn’t
the British listen to the colonists’ protests, avoiding a
war? Was it possible to avoid the war?
Word Cards and Quick T our
Distribute a set of Word Cards to each student.
Preview each of the terms, taking time to help students
understand their meanings. Ask students to listen for
the Word Card terms as you go through the lesson.
Whenever they hear one of the terms, they should let you
know—and you can discuss as a class how the term fits
into the lesson.
Go through the chapter with your students using the
Quick Tour as a guide. Emphasize the visual images, and
pause to check comprehension using slightly simplified
language. You should also use the Lesson 1 Activity
while reading Lesson 1 and then have students look for
further examples of cause and effect in Lessons 2–3.
Use the other two lesson activities with your students
to reinforce material from the chapter. Note that the
Chapter Assessment will be about the Bill of Rights.
Lesson 1 Activity—Recognize Cause and Effect
Ask students if they remember the meaning of cause
and effect. Point out that they are familiar with cause
and effect in real life. You can review the concept with
a simple example: hold up a pen or pencil and ask what
will happen if you drop it. After students predict the
obvious, drop the pen or pencil. Have students explain
how this is an example of cause and effect. Then ask
them if they can tell you the difference between cause
and effect. Of course, letting go of the pencil is the cause
and the pencil falling is the effect. (Gravity is another
part of the cause.)
Write “Cause” in a box on the left side of the board and
“Effect” on the right side of the board. Add an arrow
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